Periodontal disease is an infection of the teeth gum and the bone that surrounds the teeth, most people who have periodontal disease aren’t aware of it, is rarely painful specially in the early stages, the main cause of periodontal disease is the accumulation of plaque.
Plaque is the sticky film of food and bacteria that forms constantly on your teeth, it’s hard to see plaque, you must remove plaque each day or it builds up and mineralizes to become tarter which is also called calculus. It takes professional help to remove tarter, there is no way for you to remove it at home a tooth brush and floss won’t even budget, if it isn’t removed it starts to get on to the root surfaces, tarter shows up as a small white line on the top of the teeth bacteria that causes periodontal disease , bacteria produce toxins and are this toxins that combined with your bodies reaction to them destroy bone around your teeth so some of the warning signs are persisting bad breath, bleeding of the gum when brushing and flossing, soft swollen and tender gum, gums shrinking away from the teeth, loose teeth and changes on the spaces between the teeth with reflect changes in your under line bone.
A person can also have periodontal disease and experience none of this warning signs, the root of teeth extended in to the bone of the jaw, when everything is healthy the bone comes up around the necks of the teeth and is even throughout the mouth a sulcus is the crevice between the tooth and the gums, a healthy sulcus is from 2 or 3 millimeters deep, when plaque and tarter invade a sulcus and it becomes deeper than 3 millimeters we call it pocket.
Once bone is been lost it never grows back, when too much bone is lost there are so many little support for the teeth they get loose and have to be removed, since you may have periodontal disease yet have none of the symptoms we perform a truly examination using x rays and a periodontal probe to measure bone level around the teeth. When the bone level falls the gum pulls away from the tooth forming a pocket, we measure depth of the pocket with a periodontal probe, the measurement is from the bottom of the pocket where the gum is attached to the tooth to the top of the gums. Healthy gums are tightened against the teeth and they aren’t any pockets, periodontal disease in general the depth of the pocket the greater the spread if the periodontal disease, bleeding is a sign of infection healthy gums don’t bleed.
PERIO DISEASE INDICATORS
-Probe reading 3mm
-Bleeding upon probing
-Swollen and Red Gums
-Tarter on x rays